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    TMYS Review : FEAR FACTOR IN TEENS : SOCIAL, CULTURAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL

    PERSONAL, SOCIAL, CULTURAL REALITIES AND CONFLICTS OF ADOLESCENCE

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    About TMYS Review June 2020

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    Subcategory VI : FEAR FACTOR IN TEENS - SOCIAL, CULTURAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL

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    Title : The Missing Day

    Category : fiction

    Author : Samridhi Jain

    Author intro : Samridhi Jain is 14 years old. She studies in the 8th standard and lives in Lucknow. She is a bibliophile and an optimistic person. She wants to become a doctor. She likes skateboarding and sketching, she is good at writing stories, she likes to use her imagination for creative writing. She is good at multi-tasking and can keep cool under pressure. She enjoys facing challenges and is eager to learn new things. She is a philanthropist and loves to propagate the benefits of acupressure therapy for healing diseases along with her mother. She has qualified for semi-finals of national WHIZZ SPELL BEE competition. She has received many awards in various Olympiads. Samridhi loves adventure sports like roller coasters, thrill rides, rock climbing and travelling. One of her most memorable trip has been her trip to NASA which gave her great exposure. She is inspired by child prodigies like Ishita Katiyal and Tanmay Bakshi.

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    Title : The Haunted Cradle

    Category : fiction

    Author : Gilmore D’Silva

    Author intro : Gilmore D’Silva studies in Grade 9 at Children’s Academy, Malad. A star-performer in his school, Gilmore was the Standard Coordinator for three years and has won Best Student for two years. He is a regular participant at interschool competitions for literary events. He won the First Place at a quiz contest at the Bertha Pereira Memorial Interschool Competition conducted by the St. Joseph’s School, Malad West. He won the Third Prize at the P-ward Interschool Competition for a speech on martyr Tukaram Omble that he had penned and delivered. His hobbies include singing and sketching. The Haunted Cradle is his first published story.

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    Title :Psycho-cultural Aesthetics of Fear Factor in Children

    Category : essay

    Author: Dr. Abhilasa Kaushik

    Author intro : Dr. Abhilasa Kaushik is working at JECRC University, Jaipur, Rajasthan. She is the Head of the Department of English. Her specialization is Second Language Acquisition, Remedial Pedagogy and Translation. Her research interests are making Second Language (SL) classroom interesting hence she has designed her own SL games around 50 which are quite helpful in meeting her research interest. She has published many research articles of national and international repute. She is a fiction writer too. Her story telling art along with her story knitting is quite visible through her You-tube Channel ‘Dil Se Dil Tak with Aditi’. It is an audio series which has introduced two seasons- the first one is romantic (Love Bites with Aditi) and the second one is reflexive (Eye-openers with Aditi). She is about to launch her first short-story collection that speaks volumes for the other side of the human psychology.

    Abstract:

    This essay deals with psycho-cultural approach behind the factor called fear, especially in terms of teenagers. It takes into account two short stories, titled The Haunted Cradle by Gilmore D’Silva and A Missing Day by Samriddhi Jain. The essay aims at finding out the psychological, social and cultural factors which lay the foundation behind writing these stories and also the implications of the stories in terms of their present and future. It also assesses the characters dealing with the differentiating factors of an Indian and foreign child while writing on the same theme. The essay also tries to analyze the working of the adolescent’s mind which is conditioned by the society around. The Haunted Cradle is a story about a child who experiences the fear factor while he sees the cradle moving suddenly at night and tries to prove his parents what he has experienced. A Missing Day is about the experience of a group of friends who go for an excursion where they encounter fearful things like the disappearance of a child, and other strange incidents which are hard to believe.

    Excerpt :

    ‘Psycho-cultural’ approach is one of those methods, which finds its aim through popular culture and the media. ‘This approach has its roots in object relations psychoanalysis and demonstrates the usefulness of this critical framework for developing innovative theories and methods within media and cultural analysis’ (Bainbridge, 2014). Fear is one of the factors that have both the psychological and cultural roots in its working especially in the development of a child. The essay aims at finding out the critical framework of the fermentation behind the fear factor among children and its pscho-cultural causes. A child is equally the part of society and culture thus s/he has an ethnic identity which ‘connects individuals through perceived common past experiences and expectations of shared future ones. Identity is concerned with group judgments and judgments about groups and their motives’ (Ross, 2001). Thus, a child being so small a part of the society does not have that much of strength to revolt against the prevalent prejudices, customs, judgments and beliefs of the society. Trying to escape from such conditions s/he finds recluse in imaginative life and psychological mirage that way. The stories The Haunted Cradle by Gilmore D’Silva and A Missing Day by Samriddhi Jain are none other than those of psychological mirages where they try to combat their fears through their aesthetical working in the form of short narratives.

    Before analyzing the working of fears in a child’s mind let us consider the Psychological theory behind the working of fear. The psychological roots of the fears worked out are actually in the Psychoanalytical theory by Freud and ‘Purgation of Negative emotions through Catharsis a theory’, by Aristotle.

    In the Psychoanalytical theory, Sigmund Freud characterizes three structural elements within the mind, which he calls idego, and super-ego. ‘The id is that part of the mind in which are situated the instinctual sexual drives which require satisfaction; the super-ego is that part which contains the conscience, namely, socially-acquired control mechanisms which have been internalized, and which are usually imparted in the first instance by the parents; while the ego is the conscious self that is created by the dynamic tensions and interactions between the id and the super-ego and has the task of reconciling their conflicting demands with the requirements of external reality’ (Sigmund Freud, 1953).

     

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